Sunday, 24 September 2017

Canada 150 - The Siege of Quebec

During our country's 150th anniversary celebration of confederation I will write posts titled Canada 150 with a link to a publication or website I find that may help you tell the story of your Canadian ancestors.
Click on the Canada 150 label on the right or at the bottom to see all the posts.

Today I have for you...

The Siege of Quebec

"Memoirs of the siege of Quebec, capital of all Canada and of the retreat of Monsieur de Bourlemaque, from Carillon to the Isle aux Noix in Lake Champlain : from the journal of a French officer on board the Chezine frigate, taken by His Majesty's ship Rippon, compared with the accounts transmitted home by Major General Wolfe and Vice-Admiral Saunders, with occasional remarks." – 1761

The Battle on the Plains of Abraham took place 13 September 1759, and was a turning point during the Seven Year's War leading to the surrender of Quebec to the British. New France became a British colony with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763. 

And also...

"A Journal of the siege of Quebec: to which is annexed a correct plan of the environs of Quebec and of the battle fought on the 13th September, 1759 : together with a particular detail of the French lines and batteries, and also of the encampments, batteries and attacks of the British army… drawn from the original surveys taken by the engineers of the army: engraved by Thomas Jefferys." - 1760

What is believed to be the first accounting of the battle was published in Boston in 1759, and reprinted a few times.  This is from 1913.

"A Journal of the expedition up the River St. Lawrence : containing a true and most particular account of the transactions of the fleet and army under the command of Admiral Saunders and General Wolfe, from the time of their embarkation at Louisbourg 'til after the surrender of Quebeck" -  1759

The book about The Life of Major-General James Wolfe tells of his battles, including at Cullodon (see index) and the "Heights of Abraham", where both Montcalm and Wolfe died. 

The National Battlefield Commission website, Plains of Abraham, has a database of soldiers who fought there.  There was a Nolin assigned to the Languedoc Regiment... Francois Nolin dit Jolicoeur, who was later granted land in Terrebonne, but the file says he returned to France in 1763.

Will you find one of your ancestors in the database?

Relevant Links

Memoirs of the siege of Quebec 1761

A Journal of the siege of Quebec with maps 1760

Journal of the Expedition up the river St Lawrence - 1759/1913

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