Some professional and amateur photographers would rather still use film and develop their photographs themselves. Our high school had a dark room where the camera club developed their photos. I couldn't understand why they didn't just get their film developed at the drug store like everyone else! Now I know, it's a thing.
Newspapers often noted which members attended meetings of the local camera club...
There were published photographic magazines and periodicals. Some held lists of Photographic Societies and some were written and published by Camera Clubs.
Before 1901 when the Kodak Brownie was introduced photography was pretty much a specialized field. But that didn't stop some enthusiasts from starting a Camera Club or Photographic Society in many cities around the world. If you search "camera club history" you will see that some were established in the early days of photography.
Check the local library or historical society for info on a camera club in your area.
Timeline of Photography Technology
Toronto Camera Club Exhibit, 1904
Portrait - Photography Magazine
Anthony's photographic bulletin
The American annual of photography
Camera craft: Photographers' Association of California
The Photographic News; various 1858-1869
West Kent Natural History Microscopical and Photographic Society
Portland Camera Club exhibition: Portland Maine, 1892
Los Angeles Camera Club, exhibit May 1902
Brush and Pencil
The Photographic Times
Wilson's Photographic Magazine
Camera Notes: Camera Club of New York
Catalogue of apparatus and materials used n the art of photography, sold by Harvey and Reynolds, Leeds UK 1855
1907 Price list of materials for orthochromatic and colour photography, UK
Photographer's pocket reference book and dictionary, USA 1873
List of Photographic Societies in the UK and in the Colonies (also in almanacs below)
The British Journal Photographic Almanac